German Shepherd Pros and cons

German Shepherd Pros and cons

Are you considering getting a German Shepherd? These loyal and intelligent dogs are popular for a reason, but before making a decision, it’s important to weigh the pros and cons. German Shepherds are known for their courage, trainability, and ability to protect their family, making them great guard dogs. On the other hand, they also have their drawbacks, such as their high energy levels and potential for health issues. In this blog post, we’ll explore the pros and cons of getting a German Shepherd, so you can decide if it’s the right choice for you and your family.

The Benefits of Owning a German Shepherd

German Shepherds are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and courage, making them a popular choice for families, individuals, and law enforcement agencies. While there are certainly some German shepherd cons that must be considered, there are also several benefits that come with owning this incredible breed.

One of the biggest advantages of having a German Shepherd is their incredible intelligence and trainability. They are quick learners and have a natural desire to please their owners, making them easy to teach new commands and tricks. This intelligence also makes them great working dogs, as they are often used in search and rescue operations, law enforcement, and as guide dogs.

Another benefit of owning a German Shepherd is their loyalty and protective nature. They are fiercely devoted to their families and will do whatever it takes to protect them. This loyalty also makes them great companions, as they will always be by your side and are quick to form strong bonds with their owners.

German Shepherds are also highly active and require a lot of exercises, which can be a benefit for individuals and families who lead an active lifestyle. They are great running partners, and hiking buddies, and can even be trained to participate in dog sports like agility and obedience trials.

Finally, German Shepherds are incredibly handsome dogs, with their distinctive appearance and muscular build. They are also easy to groom and don’t shed excessively, which can be a pro for individuals who are concerned about pet hair in their homes.

Overall, while there is certainly some German shepherd con that must be taken into consideration, there are many benefits to owning this intelligent, loyal, and active breed. If you are considering getting a German Shepherd, it is important to weigh both the pros and cons to determine if it is the right choice for you and your lifestyle.

Benefits of Owning a German Shepherd
Benefits of Owning a German Shepherd

The Challenges of Owning a German Shepherd

While there are many benefits to owning a German Shepherd, it’s important to also consider the challenges that come with this breed. Here are some potential German shepherd cons to keep in mind:

  • High Energy:

German Shepherds are an extremely active breed and require plenty of exercise and stimulation. This means you’ll need to commit to providing daily walks, runs, or other forms of physical activity to keep them healthy and happy.

  • Separation Anxiety:

These dogs are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners, which can sometimes translate into separation anxiety. If you work long hours or frequently travel, a German Shepherd may not be the right fit for you.


German Shepherds have thick double coats that shed a lot, especially during shedding season. Be prepared to vacuum and sweep regularly to keep your home clean.

  • Strong Prey Drive:

Because of their history as herding dogs, German Shepherds can have a strong prey drive. This means they may be prone to chasing after smaller animals like cats, squirrels, or rabbits.

  • Aggression:

While German Shepherds can be great family dogs, they can also be prone to aggression if not properly socialized and trained. It’s important to start socialization early and provide plenty of positive reinforcement training to prevent any behavior issues from developing.

Overall, while there are certainly challenges that come with owning a German Shepherd, with proper care, training, and attention, they can make excellent pets and loyal companions.

Considerations Before Getting a German Shepherd

Before deciding to bring a German Shepherd into your home, there are some important considerations you should make. While this breed can make a great companion, they are not for everyone.

Firstly, German Shepherds are a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. If you lead a sedentary lifestyle or do not have the time to dedicate to exercising your dog regularly, this breed may not be the best choice for you. A bored or under-stimulated German Shepherd can become destructive and difficult to handle.

Additionally, German Shepherds can be territorial and protective, which can sometimes lead to aggression towards strangers. This breed also has a strong prey drive and may chase small animals. Therefore, it is important to socialize and train your German Shepherd properly from a young age.

Another consideration is the amount of shedding that German Shepherds do. Their thick coat sheds heavily year-round and requires frequent brushing to keep it under control. If you are sensitive to pet hair or have allergies, this may not be the right breed for you.

Finally, it is important to be prepared for the financial responsibilities of owning a German Shepherd. This breed may have higher-than-average vet bills due to potential health issues such as hip dysplasia, bloat, and skin allergies. Additionally, their size means that they may require more expensive food and equipment.

Training and Socialization Requirements

One of the most important things to keep in mind before getting a German Shepherd is that they require extensive training and socialization. Without proper training and socialization, German Shepherds can become aggressive and difficult to manage.

German Shepherds are intelligent dogs that are eager to please their owners, making them great candidates for training. However, it is important to start training them at a young age and remain consistent throughout their life. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, work well with German Shepherds.

Socialization is also key for German Shepherds. It is important to expose them to various people, animals, and environments from a young age to help prevent aggressive behavior. Socialization also helps German Shepherds develop confidence and helps them adapt to new situations.

If you are unsure about how to properly train and socialize your German Shepherd, it is important to seek professional help from a dog trainer or behaviorist. They can provide guidance on how to train and socialize your German Shepherd effectively.

In summary, German Shepherds require extensive training and socialization to prevent aggressive behavior and ensure they are well-behaved pets. If you are willing to put in the time and effort required for proper training and socialization, a German Shepherd may be a great choice for you.

Health Concerns for German Shepherds

German Shepherds are generally robust and healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health concerns. It’s important to be aware of these potential issues to provide proper care and address any health problems promptly. Here are some common health concerns associated with German Shepherds:

Health Concerns for German Shepherds
Health Concerns for German Shepherds
  • Hip Dysplasia:

This is a hereditary condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly. It can lead to pain, lameness, and arthritis. Hip dysplasia is a significant concern in German Shepherds, so it’s important to obtain a puppy from a reputable breeder who screens their breeding dogs for this condition.

  • Elbow Dysplasia:

Similar to hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia is a hereditary condition that affects the elbows’ development. It can cause lameness, pain, and arthritis. Responsible breeding practices and regular veterinary check-ups can help identify and manage this condition.

  • Degenerative Myelopathy (DM):

DM is a progressive neurological disease that affects the spinal cord, leading to hind limb weakness and loss of coordination. It is more common in older German Shepherds. While there is no cure for DM, supportive care and physical therapy can help manage the symptoms.

  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV):

Also known as bloat, GDV is a life-threatening condition that affects deep-chested breeds like German Shepherds. It involves the stomach filling with gas or fluid, leading to twisting (volvulus) of the stomach. Immediate veterinary attention is crucial if you suspect bloat, as it can quickly become fatal.

  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI):

German Shepherds have a higher incidence of EPI compared to other breeds. It’s a condition where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough digestive enzymes, resulting in poor digestion and malabsorption. Treatment usually involves enzyme supplementation and a specialized diet.

  • Allergies:

German Shepherds can be prone to allergies, which may manifest as skin irritations, itching, and gastrointestinal problems. Allergies can be caused by food, environmental factors (like pollen or dust mites), or flea bites. Identifying and avoiding the allergen, along with appropriate medical treatment, can help manage these issues.

  • Canine Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD):

DJD, also known as osteoarthritis, can develop in German Shepherds due to factors like age, genetics, or previous joint injuries. It causes joint pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility. Treatment options include medication, weight management, physical therapy, and joint supplements.

Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and preventive measures (such as vaccination, flea/tick control, and heartworm prevention) are vital for maintaining your German Shepherd’s overall health and well-being. It’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian for specific advice regarding your individual dog’s health concerns.

The Importance of Proper Exercise and Diet for German Shepherd

Proper exercise and diet are essential for maintaining the health and well-being of German Shepherds. Here’s why they are important:

  • Physical Health:

Regular exercise helps keep German Shepherds physically fit and maintains a healthy weight. These dogs have a lot of energy and require daily exercise to prevent obesity and associated health problems. Exercise strengthens muscles, improves cardiovascular health, and promotes proper joint function.

  • Mental Stimulation:

German Shepherds are highly intelligent and need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Exercise, particularly activities that engage their minds, such as obedience training, puzzle toys, or agility training, helps keep them mentally sharp and satisfied.

  • Weight Management:

Obesity is a common health issue in dogs, and German Shepherds are no exception. Proper exercise, combined with a balanced diet, helps prevent excessive weight gain and reduces the risk of obesity-related conditions like diabetes, joint problems, and heart disease.

  • Joint Health:

German Shepherds are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, as mentioned earlier. Regular exercise that is appropriate for their age and condition helps keep their joints strong and flexible. It also helps maintain muscle tone around the joints, providing better support and reducing the risk of injuries.

  • Behavioral

Well-being: German Shepherds are working dogs with high energy levels. Without sufficient exercise, they can become restless, and anxious, or develop behavioral problems like excessive barking or destructive chewing. Regular physical activity helps channel their energy in a positive way, leading to a calmer and happier dog.

  • Bonding and Socialization:

Exercise provides an opportunity for German Shepherds to bond with their owners and other dogs. Activities like walking, hiking, or playing fetch promote socialization, which is crucial for their overall development and well-being. It also helps build trust and strengthens the owner-dog relationship.

  • Digestive Health:

A proper diet is vital for German Shepherds’ digestive health. High-quality, balanced dog food that meets their nutritional needs supports optimal digestion and absorption of nutrients. A well-maintained digestive system contributes to their overall health and prevents issues like food allergies, sensitivities, or gastrointestinal problems.

Remember to consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise regimen and diet for your German Shepherd based on their age, health condition, and individual requirements. Each dog is unique, and professional guidance will help ensure that their exercise and diet plans are tailored to their specific needs.